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Submitted by Dallas Nutsch, posted on November 09, 2002

Image Description, by Dallas Nutsch

Here's a little technique I would like to share with ya'll:

This image is, of course, a terrain with bump mapping applied to it. The technique needs dotproduct3 combining, cube maps, and environment mapping. In only works for directional lights which makes it perfect for outdoors.

The technique goes like this:

1. Use texture coordinate generation to get the camera space normals u,v,w;
2. Use the texture transform matrix to rotate from camera space to world space, and then to light space, which in this case is the sun.
3. Use a normalizing cube map to transform from u,v,w to r,g,b
4. Dotproduct3 with your normal map
5. Add in the ambient value with addsmooth. This will knock out some shadows, but won't overbright as much as add. This is what addsmooth was basically created for.
6. Modulate with the texture map.

This works for not just the ground, but everything that is "outdoors". It can be done with one pass on the newer video cards of course. The image here is two passes. You can also modulate a shadow map in after step 5 if you're using those. You can also add in the diffuse after step 5 instead of ambient if you are doing vertex lighting.


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